Alcalá la Real, Jaén
An historic beginning
A town of two hills, it is not by chance that Alcalá la Real is located in the centre of influence for the area. The natural strategic defensive position is occupied by the fortress of La Mota, the foundations of which date from Roman times but which experienced an expansion under the influence of the Moors. The fortress dominates the surrounding landscape and ensured that the Arabic rulers of the time kept their independence for more than 700 years.
The land occupied by the modern town of Alcalá la Real has remains of human habitation that date back to prehistoric times. Although the architects of the Roman Empire left their mark, the dominant civilisation was that of the Moors who, from the 7th century until the defeat of the last caliphate of Spain in Granada in 1492, were the ruling defensive and social force.