Zuheros is a small village in the heart of the Cordoban countryside and is located about 76km from the provincial capital and at about 620 meters of altitude.
A balcony with a magnificent view is one way to describe Zuheros. It is a stunning little town that sits on the edge of the Subbaetic mountain chain, a point on the map of mountains that stretches from the north of the Cordillera Penibética to Cape Trafalgar in Cádiz Province across the whole of Andalusia and reaches into the Region of Murcia. This whole area is one of unparalleled beauty
Zuheros is locally famous for its steep streets and its castle perched on top of a natural plug of rock. Other characteristic buildings are its 16th century church, its archaeological museum and its museum of arts and popular traditions.
The town has been inhabited from the end of the ninth century, when an Arabic lineage known as Banu Himsi built an almost impregnable castle, called ‘Sujaira’, and established a small community that acted not only as a secure place to live but also, in the later years Arabic rule, as an outpost on the frontier between Christian and Muslim areas of influence.
From its inception, the town belonged to the administrative area of Cora de Elvira, part of the kingdom of Granada and was fortified at the end of the XII century. It didn’t do much good, however as, in the year 1240, the town was conquered by Fernando III, who fortified the area further and strengthened the border with the Nasrid kingdom of Granada.
Zuhereños, or those who had been given leave to live in the town after the Arabic influence was removed, took part in the battle of Lucena with Alonso of Cordova where they formed in front of the cavalry and participated in the capture of Boabdil, the last king of Al Andaluz.
Nowadays, although much of the town’s economic activity is dedicated to agriculture and especially to the cultivation and harvesting of the olives, another important activity is the production of organic cheese. In recent years, a burgeoning industry has grown up around rural tourism, with the Cave of the Murciélagos (Bat Cave), a natural treasure carved in limestone under the mountains by eons of dripping and flowing water, being the star attraction.
Because of its setting in the Natural Park of the Sierras Subbéticas and mantled as it is by the Via Verde, a restored train line (with no trains or track now) that meanders lazily through the whole area, the town has been given a new lease of life and is a destination that any traveller of discerning tastes will greatly appreciate.